God Almighty is the Compassionate and always seeks for an excuse to shower His mercy.Imam Khomeini (r)
Say: Deem not your surrender a favor to me; rather, Allah has conferred a favor upon you that He has guided you to the faith, if you should be truthful.Quran 49:17
Know that injustice is of three kinds - one is the injustice that will not be forgiven, another is one that will not be left unquestioned, and another is one that will be forgiven without being questioned.
The injustice that will not be forgiven is duality of Allah. Allah has said: Verily Allah forgiveth not that (anything) be associated with Him (Qur’an, 4:48,116).
The injustice that will be forgiven is the injustice a man does to himself by committing small sins.
And the injustice that will not be left unquestioned is the injustice of people against other people. The retribution in such a case is severe. It is not wounding with knives, nor striking with whips, but it is so severe that all these things are small against it.Imam Ali (a), Nahj al-Balagha
Allah has forbidden you from tyranny and injustice, and even if there had not been any fear of punishment for these inequities, the mere reward of being just, kind, and human would have been such that there could not have been any excuse for not trying to achieve it.Imam Ali (a), Nahj al-Balagha
So we bid farewell to it [the month of Ramadan] with the farewell of one whose parting pains us, whose leaving fills us with gloom and loneliness…Dua of Imam Sajjad (a)
O Allah, the month of Ramadan in which You revealed the Holy Quran is now at its end. I take refuge with Your kindest disposition, O Lord, lest the dawn of this night breaks forth or the month of Ramadan comes to an end, and I stand as an accused sinner, liable to be punished on the Day I am presented before You.Dua of Imam Sadiq (a) for the last night of the month of Ramadan
A small mat (used in prostration) was brought for my father on the day of Fitr, but he asked that it be taken away, then he said: “On this day, the Holy Prophet (S) used to like looking at the horizon and placing his forehead on the earth.”Imam Sadiq (a), al-Kafi 3:461
Servants of Allah! Verily the minimum reward for those men and women who fasted (during Ramadhan) is an angel who calls out to them on the last day of the month of Ramadhan saying: O Servants of Allah! Rejoice in the glad tidings that all your previous sins have been forgiven. Therefore, be careful in those things which serve as your re-creation (on this day and days to follow).Imam Ali (a), Nahjul Balagha
Q. What is Zakāt al-Fitrah?
A: It is religious tax/alms (zakāt) paid on the day when Muslims break (fatar) the fasting period at the end of the month of Ramadān. This tax/alms is known as Zakāt al-Fitrah.
Q. What do the Qur’an and Hadith say about Zakāt al-Fitrah?
A: Imams (as) say that one of the applications of the verses: Indeed whosoever purifies himself shall achieve success, and remembers (glorifies) the Name of his Lord and prays (Q 87:14 & 15) is in regards to the Zakā al-Fitrah and saying prayers on Eidul Fitr. Imam al-Sādiq (as) said: for your fasting to be accepted, give zakāt.
Q. When does Zakā al-Fitrah become wājib (obligatory)?
A. Payment of Zakā al-Fitrah becomes wāib (obligatory) after sunset on the eve of Eidul Fitr. The Zakā al-Fitrah should be paid or set aside at the latest by the day of Eidul Fitr before Eid prayers for those who will perform the prayers, or before midday (the time of zuhr prayers) for those who will not perform Eid prayers. It is necessary to have an obligatory intention (niyyah) of giving Zakā al-Fitrah to fulfill God’s command and for His pleasure only.
Q. What happens if someone forgets or does not give Zakā al-Fitrah on time?
A. If one does not give out or set aside the Zakā al-Fitrah within the due time, he should give the Zakā al-Fitrah later, on the basis of precaution, without making the niyyah of adā(i.e. giving it on time) or qadhā(i.e. giving it after the time has elapsed) but give with the intention of Qurbatan Ilallāh only.
Q. Can we give Zakā al-Fitrah in advance?
A. You can give the Zakā al-Fitrah anytime during the month of Ramadā before the night of Eid but then it’s mustahab to first give it as a loan and to then change your intention from it being a “loan” to “Zakā al-Fitrah” when the time has arrived to give the Zakā.
Giving the Zakā with the intention of it being the Zakā al-Fitrah prior to the month of Ramadā is not permissible. However, you can send the appropriate amount as a temporary loan to the needy and then change your intention as described in the previous paragraph.
Q. Who has to give the Zakā al-Fitrah?
A. Every Muslim who is mature (bāligh), sane, financially able (meaning that they have means of supporting themselves and their dependents for the following year through savings and/or means of earning), and conscious on the eve of Eidul Fitr. Zakā al-Fitrah should be paid on behalf of one’s self and all dependents (e.g. wife, children) whom one supports financially.
Q: What if I’m dependent on someone who isn’t going to give Zakā al-Fitrah on my behalf?
A. If you are a dependent on someone else for whom giving Zakā al-Fitrah is wāib, but that person does not give it either out of forgetfulness or out of disobedience, it is ihtiyā wājib for you to give the Zakā al-Fitrah for yourself if the conditions are in place for it to be obligatory on you.
Q. Can I give Zakā al-Fitrah on behalf of others who are not my dependents?
A. You can offer them the required amount for them to then give to the needy. You can also distribute it on their behalf or give it to an agent to do so but only if they request you to do so.
Q. What happens if we invite guests for a meal on the eve of Eidul Fitr?
A. If the guest is not considered to be your “dependent” – for example, when the guest is just invited for iftā on the night of Eid - his fitrah is not obligatory on you.
Q. What happens if my guest is considered to be a dependent?
A. If your guest is staying with you in a way that he is considered a “dependent” – even if it be for a temporary period, and even if he was not invited – then: if the guest arrives before sunset to stay at least through the night, it’s wajib on you to give the Zakā al-Fitrah for him. But if he arrives after sunset to stay at least through the night, it is ihtiyā wāib to give his Zakā.
Q. What should be given as Zakā al-Fitrah?
A. Three kilograms (one sāa) of any local food staple (like wheat) per person or dependent. Note that an item that is not considered to be staple food locally should not be given as Zakā al-Fitrah.
Q. Can we give cash value of any commodity mentioned above?
A. Yes. For example, if wheat is a local staple and it costs $2/kg., the cash value of Zakā al-Fitrah based on wheat per person would be $6 and one who has three dependents would give $24 ($6 for himself and $18 for each of his 3 dependents).
Q. To whom should we give the Zakā al-Fitrah?
A. Needy locals who are unable to meet their own or their dependents annual living expenses through their savings or through earning. Such needy must be Shi‘ah Ithnā‘Asharī, unless none are to be found, in which case it may be given to any needy local Muslims. Only after searching and not finding needy locals may it be transferred outside of the city. The one exception is when remitting it to the Marj‘a in which case sending it outside is allowed.
Q. To whom should the Zakā al-Fitrah not be given?
A. One who consumes alcohol, does not say his daily prayers (salāt), and commits sins openly; and to one who will use it (directly or indirectly) in a sinful manner.
Q. Can we appoint an agent (like our local center’s administration) to distribute the Zakā on our behalf?
A. Yes, if you have trust that this agent will distribute it to those who are deserving.
Q. Are there any additional rules that we need to be aware of when giving the Zakā al-Fitrah?
(i) Zakā al-Fitrah given by a non-Sayyid cannot be given to a needy Sayyid, but the reverse is permissible.
(ii) Amongst the needy in town, (non-dependant) relatives and neighbors should be preferred over others when giving Zakā al-Fitrah, and those possessing knowledge, commitment to the religion, and merit should be given preference over others.
NOTE: These rulings are according to Ayatollah Sayyid Ali Sistani. Please feel free to make necessary changes according to the opinion of your Marja‘ al-Taqlī.
Checked by: Shaykh Salim Yusufali, Qum al-Muqaddas.
Supplication is one of the causes that is effective in man’s affair; that is, to focus attention on God with the totality of one’s existence in seeking His assistance. There is no doubt that God is well aware of man’s needs and his secret desires, but He has formed a law that govern man’s relation with nature in his life this is, nothing can be attained without struggle and action and that every action bears its fruits. He has laid down the principle that no treasure is uncovered without toil and no reward is conferred without one’s being deserving of it; similarly, with regard to man’s direct relation with God, a system of supplication and its acceptance by God has been determined.Shaheed Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Beheshti (r)
The more we know about the truth, the more we know about Islam, the more we are responsible to it.Seyed Payam Razavian
Oh Allah, help me to cry for myself, for I have wasted my life away with procrastination and false hopes. And now I have come to You hopeless of my goodness. So who is worse off than me?Dua Abu Hamza Thumali
Paradise is for those who maintain sincerity in worshipping Allah and in prayer to Him. Whatever they see does not occupy their heart. Whatever they hear does not make them forget to speak of Allah, and they do not feel depressed because of what is given to others.Amirul Mo’minin Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib (ع) al-Kafi v. 2, ch. 9, h. 3
And they shall abide in that which their souls long for.Quran 21:102